1. Appointment and attendance
Before the match, two umpires shall be appointed, one for each
end, to control the game as required by the Laws, with absolute
impartiality. The umpires shall be present on the ground and
report to the Executive of the ground at least 45 minutes before
the scheduled start of each day's play.
2. Change of umpire
An umpire shall not be changed during the match, other than
in exceptional circumstances, unless he is injured or ill.
If there has to be a change of umpire, the replacement shall
act only as the striker's end umpire unless the captains agree
that he should take full responsibility as an umpire.
3. Agreement with captains
Before the toss the umpires shall
(a) ascertain the hours of play and agree with the captains
(i) the balls to be used during the match. See Law 5 (The
(ii) times and durations of intervals for meals and times
for drinks intervals. See Law 15 (Intervals).
(iii) the boundary of the field of play and allowances for
boundaries. See Law 19 (Boundaries).
(iv) any special conditions of play affecting the conduct
of the match.
(b) inform the scorers of the agreements in (ii), (iii) and
4. To inform captains and scorers
Before the toss the umpires shall agree between themselves
and inform both captains and both scorers
(i) which clock or watch and back-up time piece is to be used
during the match.
(ii) whether or not any obstacle within the field of play
is to be regarded as a boundary. See Law 19 (Boundaries).
5. The wickets, creases and boundaries
Before the toss and during the match, the umpires shall satisfy
(i) the wickets are properly pitched. See Law 8 (The wickets).
(ii) the creases are correctly marked. See Law 9 (The bowling,
popping and return creases).
(iii) the boundary of the field of play complies with the
requirements of Law 19.2 (Defining the boundary – boundary
6. Conduct of the game, implements and equipment
Before the toss and during the match, the umpires shall satisfy
(a) the conduct of the game is strictly in accordance with
(b) the implements of the game conform to the requirements
of Laws 5 (The ball) and 6 (The bat), together with either
Laws 8.2 (Size of stumps) and 8.3 (The bails) or, if appropriate,
Law 8.4 (Junior cricket).
(c) (i) no player uses equipment other than that permitted.
See Appendix D.
(ii) the wicket-keeper's gloves comply with the requirements
of Law 40.2 (Gloves).
7. Fair and unfair play
The umpires shall be the sole judges of fair and unfair play.
8. Fitness of ground, weather and light
The umpires shall be the final judges of the fitness of the
ground, weather and light for play. See 9 below and Law 7.2
(Fitness of the pitch for play).
9. Suspension of play for adverse conditions of ground, weather
(a) (i) All references to ground include the pitch. See Law
7.1 (Area of pitch).
(ii) For the purpose of this Law and Law 15.9(b)(ii) (Intervals
for drinks) only, the batsmen at the wicket may deputise for
their captain at any appropriate time.
(b)If at any time the umpires together agree that the condition
of the ground, weather or light is not suitable for play,
they shall inform the captains and, unless
(i) in unsuitable ground or weather conditions both captains
agree to continue, or to commence, or to restart play,
or (ii) in unsuitable light the batting side wishes to continue,
or to commence, or to restart play,
they shall suspend play, or not allow play to commence or
(c) (i) After agreeing to play in unsuitable ground or weather
conditions, either captain may appeal against the conditions
to the umpires before the next call of Time. The umpires shall
uphold the appeal only if, in their opinion, the factors taken
into account when making their previous decision are the same
or the conditions have further deteriorated.
(ii) After deciding to play in unsuitable light, the captain
of the batting side may appeal against the light to the umpires
before the next call of Time. The umpires shall uphold the
appeal only if, in their opinion, the factors taken into account
when making their previous decision are the same or the condition
of the light has further deteriorated.
(d) If at any time the umpires together agree that the conditions
of ground, weather or light are so bad that there is obvious
and foreseeable risk to the safety of any player or umpire,
so that it would be unreasonable or dangerous for play to
take place, then notwithstanding the provisions of (b)(i)
and (b)(ii) above, they shall immediately suspend play, or
not allow play to commence or to restart. The decision as
to whether conditions are so bad as to warrant such action
is one for the umpires alone to make.
The fact that the grass and the ball are wet and slippery
does not warrant the ground conditions being regarded as unreasonable
or dangerous. If the umpires consider the ground is so wet
or slippery as to deprive the bowler of a reasonable foothold,
the fielders of the power of free movement, or the batsmen
of the ability to play their strokes or to run between the
wickets, then these conditions shall be regarded as so bad
that it would be unreasonable for play to take place.
(e) When there is a suspension of play it is the responsibility
of the umpires to monitor the conditions. They shall make
inspections as often as appropriate, unaccompanied by any
of the players or officials. Immediately the umpires together
agree that conditions are suitable for play they shall call
upon the players to resume the game.
(f) If play is in progress up to the start of an agreed interval
then it will resume after the interval unless the umpires
together agree that conditions are or have become unsuitable
or dangerous. If they do so agree, then they shall implement
the procedure in (b) or (d) above, as appropriate, whether
or not there had been any decision by the captains to continue,
or any appeal against the conditions by either captain, prior
to the commencement of the interval.
10. Exceptional circumstances
The umpires shall have the discretion to implement the procedures
of 9 above for reasons other than ground, weather or light
if they consider that exceptional circumstances warrant it.
11. Position of umpires
The umpires shall stand where they can best see any act upon
which their decision may be required.
Subject to this over-riding consideration the umpire at the
bowler's end shall stand where he does not interfere with
either the bowler's run up or the striker's view.
The umpire at the striker's end may elect to stand on the
off side instead of the on side of the pitch, provided he
informs the captain of the fielding side, the striker and
the other umpire of his intention to do so.
12. Umpires changing ends
The umpires shall change ends after each side has had one
completed innings. See Law 14.2 (Forfeiture of an innings).
13. Consultation between umpires
All disputes shall be determined by the umpires. The umpires
shall consult with each other whenever necessary. See also
Law 27.6 (Consultation by umpires).
(a) The following code of signals shall be used by umpires.
(i) Signals made while the ball is in play
Dead ball - by crossing and re-crossing the wrists below
No ball - by extending one arm horizontally.
Out - by raising an index finger above the head. (If not out
the umpire shall call Not out.)
Wide - by extending both arms horizontally.
(ii) When the ball is dead, the signals above, with the exception
of the signal for Out, shall be repeated to the scorers. The
signals listed below shall be made to the scorers only when
the ball is dead.
Boundary 4 - by waving an arm from side to side finishing
with the arm across the chest.
Boundary 6 - by raising both arms above the head.
Bye - by raising an open hand above the head.
Commencement of last hour - by pointing to a raised wrist
with the other hand.
Five penalty runs awarded to the batting side - by repeated
tapping of one shoulder with the opposite hand.
Five penalty runs awarded to the fielding side - by placing
one hand on the opposite shoulder.
Leg bye - by touching a raised knee with the hand.
New ball - by holding the ball above the head.
Revoke last signal - by touching both shoulders, each with
the opposite hand.
Short run - by bending one arm upwards and touching the nearer
shoulder with the tips of the fingers.
(b) The umpire shall wait until each signal to the scorers
has been separately acknowledged by a scorer before allowing
play to proceed.
15. Correctness of scores
Consultation between umpires and scorers on doubtful points
is essential. The umpires shall satisfy themselves as to the
correctness of the number of runs scored, the wickets that
have fallen and, where appropriate, the number of overs bowled.
They shall agree these with the scorers at least at every
interval, other than a drinks interval, and at the conclusion
of the match. See Laws 4.2 (Correctness of scores)], 21.8
(Correctness of result) and 21.10 (Result not to be changed).